Representing two planets, iron, copper and a few Olympian gods, the classical symbols for female and male pack numerous that means into a couple of squiggly traces.
The symbols themselves are historical, and the associations they make date again to the daybreak of civilization. The ancients, after observing how the actions of heavenly our bodies just like the Solar and planets heralded a corresponding change in occasions on our planet, finally got here to consider that there was a causal relationship. Logically, then, historical students started to check the heavens so as to higher predict, and put together for, the longer term. In addition they got here to affiliate totally different heavenly our bodies with their highly effective gods- Mercury, Venus, Mars, Zeus (Jupiter) and Cronus (Saturn).
Each heavenly body, along with its god, was also associated with a particular metal. So, for example, the Sun (Helios) was associated with gold (note: in truth, the Sun is white in the human visual spectrum, not yellow); Mars (in Greek, Thouros) was associated with the hard, red metal used to make weapons, iron; and Venus (in Greek, Phosphorus) with the softer metal that can turn green, copper.
Writing about these metals, the Greeks would refer to them by their respective gods’ names, and then as now, these were spelled with a combination of letters; after awhile, a type of shorthand arose; for example, relevant to Mars (Thouros) and Venus (Phosphorus):